Identity and Access Management (IAM) Explained

Identity and Access Management (IAM) Explained

Identity and Access Management, or IAM, is a critical security framework that ensures the right individuals have the appropriate access to organisational systems and data. It's about effectively managing digital identities and their associated privileges.

At its core, IAM comprises two primary functions: Authentication and authorisation. Authentication verifies a user's identity, typically through credentials like usernames, passwords, or biometric data. Authorisation determines what a verified user can access and do within a system. IAM solutions also encompass user provisioning, de-provisioning, and lifecycle management, ensuring that access is granted and revoked at the right times.

By implementing robust IAM practices, organisations can significantly enhance security, improve operational efficiency, and comply with regulatory requirements. It helps prevent unauthorised access, data breaches, and insider threats while streamlining user management processes.

IAM has evolved to encompass a broader scope, including managing identities for devices, applications, and services beyond human users. As organisations increasingly rely on complex IT infrastructures, IAM becomes essential for maintaining control and security across the digital landscape.

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